Malta – General Information
Official Language: Maltese, English
Other Languages: Italian
Religions: – 90% Christianity
=> 83% Roman Catholic
=> 7% Other Christian
– 5% No religion
– 2% Islam
– 3% Other religions
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
— President: George Vella
— Prime minister: Robert Abela
ln the history Malta went through a Neolithic period, the remains of which include the mysterious temples dedicated to the goddess of fertility. The Phoenicans, the Carthaginians, the Romans and the Byzantines, all left their traces on the Islands.
Christianity was brought to Malta, as in 60 A D. St Paul was shipwrecked on the Island.
The Arabs conquered the islands in 870 A.D. and left an important mark on the language of the Maltese, because until 1530 Malta was an extension of Sicily and was ruled by the Normans, the Aragonese and other conquerors. Charles V brought Malta to the Sovereign Military Order of St. John of Jerusalem who ruled over Malta from 1530 to 1798. Following the Great Siege of 1565, Malta lived through a new golden age, making it a major player in the 17th and 18th century Europe. The artistic and cultural lives of the Maltese Islands were injected with multiple artists, who were commissioned by the Knights to embellish churches and palaces.
In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte took over Malta on his way to Egypt but he French presence on the islands was short lived, as the English helped the Maltese against the French and blockaded the islands in 1800.
In 1964 Malta became independent and adopted the British system of public administration, education and legislation.
Malta became a Republic in 1974 and joined the European Union in May 2004 and the Eurozone in 2008.
-Roman catholic church continues to have a significant influence on the culture
-negative fact: Arab occupation made a lasting impression on Malta’s culture.
-The British radically changed Malta’s culture and the international status.
Britain’s past dominance can still be experienced, because English is one of Malta’s official languages and traces of british culture are present in all aspects of the Maltese lifestyle.
-Although modern Italy was never a formal Motherland, its culture has become so interwoven with Malta’s , that sometimes to the foreign eye, the difference is unrecognizable.
But Furthermore, the older generations are very fluent in Italian, also Malta’s neighbor has undoubtedly influenced the food, language, mannerisms, and lifestyle of the islands
fully developed open market economy
-productive labor force, low corporate taxes.
well developed finance and ICT clusters.
depends on foreign trade,
depend on manufacturing (electronics).
much tourism and financial services.
GDP 21,3 billion
Malta is an exceptionally industrialized, administration based economy. It is delegated a high level economy by the International Monetary Fund and is viewed as a major league salary country by the World Bank and a development driven economy by the World Economic Forum. It is an individual from the European Union and of the Eurozone, having officially received the euro on 1 January 2008.
Malta’s GDP per capita, changed by buying power equality, remains at $29,200 and positions in fifteenth position in the rundown of EU nations regarding buying power standard. In the year 2013, Malta recorded a buge deficit of 2.7%